The Ongoing Farmers Protest in India: Explained.

What’s happening right now?

On the 9th of August 2020, 5 months ago, begun the Indian farmers’ protest, an ongoing protest against three farm acts which were passed by the Parliament of India in September 2020.

Farmer unions and their representatives have demanded that the laws be repealed and tens of thousands of farmers from the northern states of India have marched to the capital city to protest these unjust farming reforms.

They have covered at least 5 major highways around the city, asking to be heard with peaceful protests, only to be met with tear gas and water cannons.

However, protestors have persevered and set up camp around Delhi, gathered at various border point.

Delhi has responded with war-like fortification, including iron rails, rods, barbed wire and boulders.

Most concerning are the makeshift walls used to barricade Delhi’s borders against the thousands of protesting farmers, likened to the fencing at international borders, a harrowing imitation of Trumps US and Mexico border.

The government are taking inhuman steps in attempts to control the protestors, including cutting electricity, shutting off water and shutting down the internet.

To add to this, the Indian media are working to silence farmers and those raising awareness online. Including the spreading of fake news. A large number of twitter accounts sharing information about the farmers protests have also been blocked, whilst journalists covering the protests on the ground have been arrested.

The government are violating human rights all in hopes of silencing agricultural workers, who, out of 1.4. billion people make up half of the labour force.

Despite the bitter cold and the police force, farmers are braving these conditions until theirs are met.

Why are farmers protesting?

  • The new agricultural laws will leave farmers at the mercy of corporates, which will inevitably result in the end of Minimum Support Price (MSP)

    (MSP is the rate at which the government buys crops from farmers in case they fail to sell it to middlemen – this acts as a protection for farmers. Protection that if they are stripped of, could be fatal.)
  • This deregulation of the markets could lead to volatile prices for farmers and corporates will have an upper hand in fixing prices and resolving disputes in courts.
  • Small farmers will be left in the lurch as corporates likely won’t deal with them

This all has to be considered within the context of the wider problem within the farming industry.

Since the days of the Green Revolution agriculture has gone from accounting for 50% of the economy to just 15%. This shrinking economy means that more than half of India’s farming households are in debt.

This growing debt has led to a suicide crisis. 

For decades farmers have asked for reform and this has fallen on deaf ears. As a result of economic hardship, in the last 2 years alone, more than 20 thousand farmers have taken their life.

At a point where reform is so necessary, the Government have pivoted in the opposite direction. Instead of providing the much-needed protection for this vulnerable and shrinking community, they have introduced farming acts that leave farmers far more vulnerable to the exploitation by private companies, weakening their bargaining power, an action which seems to suggest a direction of dismantling them.

What do protestors want?

  • The withdrawal of the three laws which deregulate the sale of their crops.
  • Protect APMC markets (Mandis) where they can sell produce in a regulated environment
  • Legal assurance of regulation of MSP so farmers can get fair price for their produce

What can you do? The most important thing you can do is educate yourselves and those around you on what is happening around the world, just like the Farmers Protests in India.

Learn the context behind the problems and bring those conversations into as many spaces as you can.

OWN IT!’s LOCKDOWN READS

It’s been a crazy year and we’ve all spent a lot of it inside…and A LOT of it reading! Here are just a few of the books our authors and artists have been sinking their teeth into over the lockdowns.

THIS MOURNABLE BODY

TSITSI DANGAREMBGA

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In this tense and psychologically charged novel, Tsitsi Dangarembga channels the hope and potential of one young girl and a fledgling nation to lead us on a journey to discover where lives go after hope has departed.

Here we meet Tambudzai, living in a run-down youth hostel in downtown Harare and anxious about her prospects after leaving a stagnant job. At every turn in her attempt to make a life for herself, she is faced with a fresh humiliation, until the painful contrast between the future she imagined and her daily reality ultimately drives her to a breaking point.

TO KILL A MOCKING BIRD

HARPER LEE

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The unforgettable novel of a childhood in a sleepy Southern town and the crisis of conscience that rocked it. To Kill A Mockingbird takes readers to the roots of human behavior.

Shoot all the Bluejays you want, if you can hit ’em, but remember it’s a sin to kill a Mockingbird.

Lawyer Atticus Finch gives this advice to his children as he defends the real mockingbird of Harper Lee’s classic novel – a black man charged with the rape of a white girl. 

Through the young eyes of Scout and Jem Finch, Harper Lee explores with exuberant humour the irrationality of adult attitudes to race and class in the Deep South of the 1930s. 



A RIVER CALLED TIME

COURTTIA NEWLAND

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The Ark was built to save the lives of the many, but rapidly became a refuge for the elite, the entrance closed without warning.

Years after the Ark was cut off from the world, a chance of survival within its confines is granted to a select few who can prove their worth.

Set in an alternate world where slavery and colonialism never happened, Newland’s staggering novel is both a timely exploration of social inequality and a story about love, loyalty and the search for the truth.

IKIAGI

THE JAPANESE SECRET TO A LONG AND HAPPY LIFE

RÉCTOR GARCIA AND FRANCESC MIRALLES

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The people of Japan believe that everyone has an ikigai – a reason to jump out of bed each morning. And according to the residents of the Japanese island of Okinawa – the world’s longest-living people – finding it is the key to a longer and more fulfilled life.

Inspiring and comforting, this book will give you the life-changing tools to uncover your personal ikigai.

It will show you how to leave urgency behind, find your purpose, nurture friendships and throw yourself into your passions.

MRS DEATH MISSES DEATHS

SALENA GODDEN

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Mrs Death has had enough. She is exhausted from spending eternity doing her job and now she seeks someone to unburden her conscience to. Wolf Willeford, a troubled young writer, is well acquainted with death, but until now hadn’t met Death in person – a black, working-class woman who shape-shifts and does her work unseen.

Using their desk as a vessel and conduit, Wolf travels across time and place with Mrs Death to witness deaths of past and present and discuss what the future holds for humanity.

THE DIVIDE

A BRIEF GUIDE TO GLOBAL INEQUALITY AND ITS SOLUTIONS

JASON HICKEL

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For decades we have been told a story: that development is working, that poverty is a natural phenomenon and will be eradicated through aid by 2030. But just because it is a comforting tale doesn’t make it true. Poor countries are poor because they are integrated into the global economic system on unequal terms, and aid only helps to hide this. 

Drawing on pioneering research and years of first-hand experience, The Divide tracks the evolution of global inequality – from the expeditions of Christopher Columbus to the present day – offering revelatory answers to some of humanity’s greatest problems. It is a provocative, urgent and ultimately uplifting account of how the world works, and how it can change for the better.

THE BODY KEEPS THE SCORE

BESSEL VAN DER KOLK

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What causes people to continually relive what they most want to forget, and what treatments could help restore them to a life with purpose and joy? Here, Dr Bessel van der Kolk offers a new paradigm for effectively treating traumatic stress. 

Neither talking nor drug therapies have proven entirely satisfactory. With stories of his own work and those of specialists around the globe, The Body Keeps the Score sheds new light on the routes away from trauma – which lie in the regulation and syncing of body and mind, using sport, drama, yoga, mindfulness, meditation and other routes to equilibrium.

THE STORM

AKEEM BALOGUN

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Through thirteen remarkably different stories, The Storm uses the intimacy of an evocative and volatile landscape to explore the very basics of human survival, all told in a distinct and slender style of prose.

In “Eden”, a sister longing for her brother goes to extremes to be reunited with her deceased sibling.

In “Bonfire Hero”, a doubtful and tired vigilante watches the streets beneath him deteriorate.

In “Buddhatarium”, personifications of tranquillity can be bought and exploited, becoming the only way for a father to keep his family together.

In this collection, 28-year-old writer Akeem Balogun shows us the often questionable ways that people deal with extreme crisis and how ordinary human relationships can become distorted in severe conditions.

BELOVED

TONI MORRISON

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Deploying a lyrical, resonant and mythically charged style whilst remaining utterly rooted in the reality of her subject matter, Beloved exemplifies Toni Morrison’s talent for telling a vital story in the right way. In its refusal to shy away from the horrors experienced by Sethe, Morrison’s novel reflects the countless – often unspoken – atrocities committed by whites against people of colour throughout history.

But Beloved is not a polemic. It interweaves ideas of motherhood, family, folklore and community, creating a narrative that is never less than utterly engrossing. The result is a rich, fully realised story that, as Jane Smiley writes in the Guardian, is ‘likely to mould or change a reader’s sense of the world.’

THE DOORS OF PERCEPTION

ALDOUS HUXLEY

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In 1953, in the presence of an investigator, Aldous Huxley took four-tenths of a gram of mescalin, sat down and waited to see what would happen. When he opened his eyes everything, from the flowers in a vase to the creases in his trousers, was transformed. Huxley described his experience with breathtaking immediacy in The Doors of Perception. 

In its sequel Heaven and Hell, he goes on to explore the history and nature of mysticism. Still bristling with a sense of excitement and discovery, these illuminating and influential writings remain the most fascinating account of the visionary experience ever written.

TERRAFORMED

YOUNG BLACK LIVES IN THE INNER CITY

JOY WHITE

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Since the 1980s, austerity, gentrification and structural racism have wreaked havoc on inner-city communities, widening inequality and entrenching poverty. In Terraformed, Joy White offers an insider ethnography of Forest Gate – a neighbourhood in Newham, east London – analysing how these issues affect the black youth of today.

Connecting the dots between music, politics and the built environment, it centres the lived experiences of black youth who have had it all: huge student debt, invisible homelessness, custodial sentences, electronic tagging, surveillance, arrest, ASBOs, issues with health and well-being, and of course, loss.

Part ethnography, part memoir, Terraformed contextualises the history of Newham and considers how young black lives are affected by racism, neoliberalism and austerity.

A MONK’S GUIDE TO A CLEAN HOUSE AND MIND

SHOUKEI MATSUMOTO

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Live clean. Feel calm. Be happy. We remove dust to sweep away our worldly cares. We live simply and take time to contemplate the self, mindfully living each moment.

It’s not just monks that need to live this way. Everyone in today’s busy world needs it.In Japan, cleanliness is next to enlightenment.

This bestselling guide by a Zen Buddhist monk draws on ancient traditions to show you how a few simple changes to your daily habits – from your early morning routine to preparing food, from respecting the objects around you to working together as a team – will not only make your home calmer and cleaner, but will leave you feeling refreshed, happier and more fulfilled.

THINGS FALL APART

CHINUA ACHEBE

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Okonkwo is the greatest wrestler and warrior alive, and his fame spreads throughout West Africa like a bush-fire in the harmattan. But when he accidentally kills a clansman, things begin to fall apart.

Then Okonkwo returns from exile to find missionaries and colonial governors have arrived in the village. With his world thrown radically off-balance he can only hurtle towards tragedy. 

 This arresting parable of a proud but powerless man witnessing the ruin of his people begins Achebe’s landmark trilogy of works chronicling the fate of one African community, continued in Arrow of God and No Longer at Ease.

CAN’T STOP WON’T STOP

A HISTORY OF THE HIP-HOP GENERATION
Jeff Chang

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Hip-hop is now a global multi-billion pound industry. It has spawned superstars all across the world. There have been tie-in clothing lines, TV stations, film companies, cosmetics lines. It even has its own sports, its own art style, its own dialect. It is an all-encompassing lifestyle. But where did hip-hop culture begin? Who created it? How did hip-hop become such a phenomenon?

Jeff Chang introduces the major players who came up with the ideas that form the basic elements of the culture. He describes how it all began with social upheavals in Jamaica, the Bronx, the Black Belt of Long Island and South Central LA. He not only provides a history of the music, but a fascinating insight into the social background of young black America.

THICH NAHT HANH

HOW TO LOVE

How to Love is part of a charming series of books from Zen Master, Thich Nhat Hanh, exploring the essential foundations of mindful meditation and practise.

MEENA KANDASAMY

EXQUISITE CADAVERS

In a conversation between forms, fictions and truths, Exquisite Cadavers is a novel about a young couple navigating love in London, and a literary hall of mirrors about an author navigating the inspirations behind her work.

SAREETA DOOMINGO

IF I DON’T HAVE YOU

A captivating, sexy romance that explores the limits of love at first sight…

BALLI KAUR JASWAL

EROTIC STORIES FOR PUNJABI WIDOWS

When Nikki takes a creative writing job at her local temple, with visions of emancipating the women of the community she left behind as a self-important teenager, she’s shocked to discover a group of barely literate women who have no interest in her ideals.

OCEAN VUONG

ON EARTH WE’RE BRIEFLY GORGEOUS


Framed as a letter from a young Vietnamese man to his illiterate mother, Vuong’s radiant debut novel traces themes of race, class and colonialism across decades of South East Asian history, building to a breathtaking final revelation.  

SLIMANI

SEX AND LIES

In these essays, Leila Slimani gives voice to young Moroccan women who are grappling with a conservative Arab culture that at once condemns and commodifies sex. 

MAYTE GARCIA

MY LIFE WITH PRINCE

In The Most Beautiful, a title inspired by the hit song Prince wrote about their legendary love story, Mayte Garcia for the first time shares the deeply personal story of their relationship

BRYAN WASHINGTON

MEMORIAL

Family tragedy forces a young queer couple to reassess their relationship in this tender, compassionate and wryly funny novel from the award-winning author of Lot.

ROBERT JONES JR

THE PROPHETS

Following the lives of two young enslaved men in the Halifax plantation, this visionary and deeply evocative debut carves a radiant love story out of the bleakest of landscapes.

COURTTIA NEWLAND

A RIVER CALLED TIME

Set in an alternate world where slavery and colonialism never happened, Newland’s staggering novel is both a timely exploration of social inequality and a story about love, loyalty and the search for the truth.

ON BHAKTI

TARKA

TARKA is a quarterly journal that explores yoga philosophy, contemplative studies, and the world’s wisdom and esoteric traditions.

HAPPY READING!

OWN IT! Interviews: Courttia Newland speaks about his new Novel ‘A RIVER CALLED TIME’, with Jude Yawson.

OWN IT! Interviews: Join Jude Yawson – Author of Stomzy’s Rise Up: The #Merky Story So Far – for this absorbing and fascinating interview with the talented Courttia Newland, author of 7 books including his much-lauded debut THE SCHOLAR, to discuss his upcoming Sci-Fi Novel A RIVER CALLED TIME.

An inspirational and empowering conversation any writer should listen to.

. —————— A RIVER CALLED TIME – OUT 7 JANUARY 2021 ——————

Set in an alternate world where slavery and colonialism never happened, Newland’s staggering novel is both a timely exploration of social inequality and a story about love, loyalty and the search for the truth.

The Ark was built to save the lives of the many, but rapidly became a refuge for the elite, the entrance closed without warning. Years after the Ark was cut off from the world, a chance of survival within its confines is granted to a select few who can prove their worth.

Among their number is Markriss Denny, whose path to future excellence is marred only by a closely guarded secret: without warning, his spirit leaves his body, allowing him to see and experience a world far beyond his physical limitations.

Once inside the Ark, Denny learns of another with the same power, whose existence could spell catastrophe for humanity. He is forced into a desperate race to understand his abilities, and in doing so uncovers the truth about the Ark, himself and the people he thought he once knew.

PRE-ORDER YOUR COPY NOW HERE

Courttia Newland is the author of seven books including his debut, The Scholar. His latest novel, The Gospel According to Cane, was published in 2013. He co-edited The Penguin Book of New Black Writing in Britain, and his short stories have featured in various anthologies and broadcast on BBC Radio 4. He was shortlisted for the 2007 CWA Dagger in the Library Award and the 2010 Alfred Fagon Award. In 2016 he was also awarded the Tayner Barbers Award for science fiction writing and the Roland Rees Busary for playwriting. As a screenwriter, he has co-written episodes of Steve McQueen’s 2020 BBC series Small Axe (See more here).

Jude Yawson is a multifaceted writer of essays, articles, poetry and Film Reviews. In 2018 Jude became an author, co-writing and editing Rise Up: The #Merky Story So Far with Stormzy and the Merky team. Jude curates his eclectic writing through his website turned Blog House Of Horous, where his entire personal writing journey is hosted.

He has also contributed an essay entitled “Existing as a Black person living in Britain” to SAFE : On Black British Men Reclaiming Space. An anthology edited by Derek Owusu.

Check out more on Jude here + his website here.

CANVAS | NETFLIX SHORT FILM REVIEW BY JUDE YAWSON

My eyes well, as if a cloud ready to tell the Earth to cleanse itself. My chest started to swell with a linger of heartfelt anxiety. I felt enamoured by emotion. Maybe because short animations with Black characters are so rare, or the implications that lay bare on the screen which motivated me to daydream about age, losing my loved ones, and the grace we live on with, in memory of them, stared at me in the face. Canvas is a short film that acts as an empty canvas. The dialogue was evident in the facial expressions that lead you along the way through a stream of emotions. This canvas like setting of the film lay empty to exact an idea of loss and rekindling what you have almost forgotten. For me, it is a timely and beautiful 9-minute short film that boasts a benevolence we can all relate to.

Immediately it steers you into a dreamspace, one which offers no date, but a scope of what the film is capturing. Latching onto the thoughts in my mind, of our limited time here, exemplified in the old worn out face of the main character – a visibly exhausted Grandpa, wheelchair striken, lonely and reserved. Having lost his wife, survived by memories of the small of her back in the vision of dreams, the Grandpa leans on the pact of the new. His Grandchild, a playful mischevious little girl visits him with an enthusiasm that could carry the world. She sheds a joy and innocence for life that immediately captivates him. She enjoys pens and paper, creating art to embark on some journey. It is through their respective canvas’ the short story unfolds.

Doing a little research, the animator Frank E Abney III details the film as a reflection, a personal portrait of loss, contemplation regarding creation, and the innocence of children and the carefree attitude that comes with that. The film was originally picked up, optioned, and somewhat left aside by a production company until Abney rekindled the project after claiming the rights back. Canvas was put together by a team who dedicated off work hours to piecing together the project over a span of 6 years. Abney also executive produced Matthew Curry’s Hair Love, an Oscar-winning and somewhat game-changing short, and like Canvas both projects utilised Kickstarter Campaigns to garner enough money to finish the project. Like Hair Love, Black features are important but not upheld as the main factor. We are finally reaching a point of such projects just existing without the stance of racism prompting it to be. Canvas encompasses the feeling of loss and projects it into your own mind forcing you to consider your own. The main character was based on Abney’s own Grandfather, who he referred to as being “stoic and quiet” in his own life and conception of him, it was this idea of him that he always knew. As for the Granddaughter, during Abney’s own creative loss or rather dulled passion, it was the carefree demeanour of his nieces and nephews that enticed him. He lost his Father at an early age and witnessed his single Mother work throughout life to fill the void and provide them with more. Considering this all, Canvas is a compilation of such personal ideas that really epitomises Abney’s personal insights to life and loss.

Keeping the investors from the Kickstarter campaign updated and such a widespread acknowledgement of the film put Canvas on Netflix’s radar. Today, I sit here at the edge of my bed watching this film acknowledging its necessity as a black person, but generally as a wonderful and empathy drawing short, boasting rich colours and a lovely story. The power of animation and a heart toying story, not much has to be said or done in terms of a narrative to make it such a solely Black experience, rather the characters just have to be brought into life. It is as simple as that. I felt a wave of emotions just by the scenes, the angles that imply in his interview with Variety, Abney also highlighted that there are some more things to come with working alongside Netflix. I for one am excited at the potentiality of Black animation, likewise, with Black anything, so many stories can thrive through such a medium. Having worked on animated greats like Frozen, Big Hero 6, and Kung Fu Panda, Abney’s wealth of experience with heartwarming and emphatic works is not so foreign. I can just wonder about the magic Abney intends to bring to the screen.

LOVERS ROCK | REVIEW

By Shae Davies

Perfectly placed between the first film in the Small Axe anthology, MANGROVE (based on the Mangrove Nine – Black British activists from Notting Hill that clashed with the racist police force there) and the third of the series, RED, WHITE AND BLUE (the origin story of Leroy Logan, a first-generation Brit who joined the police force in 1983 in hopes of changing the system from the inside – sits Lovers Rock.

In contrast to the vicious, honest depiction of the suffering many first and second-generation West Indians were subjected to in London, Lovers Rock is a portrayal of the sweet young love, found by many within the safe spaces they had created for themselves. In a city that continued to find ways of rejecting them, including the ban from attending white clubs, the birth of ‘blues parties’ was inevitable. Such as the one in Lovers Rock, set across one night at a house in Ladbroke Grove in 1980.

The Dapper Franklyn (Michael Ward) swaying with Martha (Amarah-Jae St Aubyn) to “After Tonight” by Junior English, portray a rare moment of representation on British Television of mainstream Black experiences.

Whilst I am thankful for the honest, hard hitting and necessary truth delineated in McQueen’s Mangrove and Red, White and Blue, I am even more thankful for a glimpse of the other beautiful end of the spectrum. Of the soft smoky light shone on the era of Lovers Rock. 68 minutes of intoxicating energy, vibrant choreography and most importantly, a soul feeding, nostalgia-filled soundtrack. Sound, image and mood melting together to create an immersive cinematic experience.

Set against the backdrop of a hostile city, Lovers Rock provides an essential part of the Small Axe anthology, an authentic reflection of the West Indian experience in Britain, of the soulful culture that runs deep throughout Britain’s history. Where films such as Mangrove serve the purpose of highlighting the trauma and suffering of the Black community, Lovers Rock serves as a beautiful and timely reminder that Black history is also full of joy, community and celebration.

Scenes shift through the party, like you might find yourself moving from room to room, exploring things, discovering people. As the viewer we venture through an evening of pulsating celebration, energetic dance sequences and songs played out at length. There is an almost spiritual moment to Janet Kay’s Silly Games, 5 minutes of aching romance in the voices of everyone in the room, attempting to hit Kay’s signature falsetto. As the music stops, the young people are so lost in it, continuing the song in acapella, hands clutched against chests, eyes shut. Not wanting it to end, the night or the song. The hypnotic lull of it seduces us, its ethereal flow carries us throughout the rest of the film, slow grooving through the crowd. At this party we are not just the fly on the wall, we are every song carried across the floorboards, through the swaying bodies, lingering on faces.

The intimacy of the moment is so striking. As a viewer its clear many people in the room are strangers, but the music, the soft looks, the sharing of food, it’s so pure. What makes Lovers Rock so piercing, is the details. Everything about Lovers Rock is done with consciousness, to say something, with a purpose. The power of music, the sense of community, Lovers Rock is a reflection of people living in the moment.

There is even an appearance by Dennis Bovell who wrote Silly Games and a man seen carrying a large white cross on his shoulders, an ode to the actual man seen frequently in Ladbroke Grove, well known to locals.

Photo Credit: SHARPEYE

Alongside the romance of the evening, are threatening undertones hinted at throughout. Including the group of white boys that harass Martha and the quietly threatening aura of Bammy. All of which are overcome by the power of community. 

Lovers Rock represents the power of community, the power of music, the power of letting go of all the tensions they would have been faced with Monday to Friday and leaving them at the door. To be able to enter a room full of strangers and feel so connected. To drink, smoke and slow whine to good music, Lovers Rock encapsulates a romantic point in time where many fell in love at these parties, despite the social injustice that raged on outside of them. These parties provided escapism from that hostility, a euphoria amongst those that could connect with each other, blossoming together in a sacred space where culture, music and good food was met in its rawest form and individuals were allowed to be themselves without judgement. Complete and utter human connection.

I found myself spending the rest of the day hoping and wondering if Martha would call Franklyn at 5 after church like she promised.

Much like Janet Kay’sSilly Games lingers throughout the room and throughout the film… Lovers Rock lingers on my mind.